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Select specific jurisdictions to filter on. Alternatively select no jurisdictions and select questions below to see all jurisdiction answers for them.
Select specific questions to filter on. Alternatively select no questions and select jurisdictions above to see all question answers for them.
What are the most common types of private equity transactions in your jurisdiction?
What types of investors are most active (and what jurisdictions are they most commonly from) in the private equity market of your jurisdiction?
What historically have been the main target industries and what trends were noticeable throughout 2017? What trends do you expect to see in the next 18 months?
Please describe the main features, size and activity levels of local private equity funds. Are there any regulatory or market restrictions or incentives to the development of any such local funds? Have any begun to participate significantly in transactions out of their local jurisdiction?
Are there any private equity funds listed in your jurisdiction? Are there any special regulations or requirements applicable to the listing and public offering of securities by such funds or any reform initiatives that are under discussion?
What are the main issues in connection with the liability of fund managers?
What are the main remuneration schemes and related features for fund managers and have there been any recent shifts observable in the market? Are there any limitations or reforms under discussion regarding the same?
Please describe any legal considerations of particular importance in your jurisdiction in connection with executing leveraged buyouts and similar strategies.
What are the main organisational forms used in your jurisdiction to channel private equity investments? Has there been any change over time in the types of organisational forms used? What are the main formation requirements?
What are the most important legal issues arising in the operation and governance of local companies in your jurisdiction?
Are there any issues to be considered in connection with the limitation of liability under the laws of your jurisdiction?
What are the most common minority protection rights, whether granted by operation of law or contractual agreement? Are there any special issues to be considered under the laws of your jurisdiction?
What are the main exit strategies used by private equity investors in your jurisdiction? Are there any limitations to the availability, effectiveness or enforceability of exit arrangements that are commonly used in other jurisdictions? Have you seen a shift away from or towards certain exit strategies over the past year?
What are the key legal issues to be considered when appointing or replacing directors and officers?
Please describe the most significant issues commonly considered under the laws of your jurisdiction in connection with purchase and shareholders’ agreements.
Please describe the main issues related to dispute resolutions under purchase, shareholders’ and other principal private equity agreements. What are the most common dispute resolution mechanisms selected in these agreements?
What are the most common funding structures? Are there any significant issues commonly confronted in implementing such structures?
Is there a domestic financing market for private equity deals? Has there been a shift in the sources of funding over the past few years? Where do you expect to see financing come from in the next 18 months?
What are the principal accounting considerations that arise in private equity transactions? Are there any contemplated or ongoing shifts in regulatory accounting standards in your jurisdiction?
Are there any disclosure, registration or licensing requirements affecting private equity funds investments currently in effect or under consideration by regulators?
Please describe any restrictions, requirements or protections applicable to foreign investors in connection with private equity investments.
Are there any government approvals required in connection with private equity investments in certain industries or any industry-specific regulatory schemes that can affect private equity investments? What are the main requirements to obtain such approvals? Have there been any observable trends recently in the posture of specific regulators or the regulatory environment generally in connection with the review or approval of such investments?
Please describe any antitrust approvals or other competition law requirements that may apply connection with private equity investments into your jurisdiction.
Are there any anti-money laundering or other similar financial regulations that should be considered when structuring a private equity transaction or setting up a vehicle?
Are there any exchange controls that typically affect how foreign private equity investments are structured in your jurisdiction?
What are the basic tax issues affecting private equity investments in your jurisdiction?
What impact are recent and projected changes in macroeconomic trends in your jurisdiction and abroad and your government’s reaction to these trends having on private equity activity in your jurisdiction? When did you start to see an impact?
Please describe any other regulations applicable to private equity funds and private equity investments not discussed in your answers to the above questions.
Please describe any other recent trends observed in your jurisdiction affecting how private equity transactions are conducted or how these investments are structured.
Please describe any other relevant legal considerations or new developments related to private equity investments in your jurisdiction not discussed in your answers to the above questions.
Sergio J Galvis
and Werner F Ahlers
Sullivan & Cromwell LLP
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