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The business law resource for Latin America
Select specific jurisdictions to filter on. Alternatively select no jurisdictions and select questions below to see all jurisdiction answers for them.
Select specific questions to filter on. Alternatively select no questions and select jurisdictions above to see all question answers for them.
Has the level of M&A activity slowed, increased, or remained flat in 2016 as compared to 2015, and what are conditions like today? In general terms, what level of activity is foreseen for 2017? What are the factors influencing the level of M&A activity – Economic? Political? Commodity prices? Weakness in currency? Liquidity? Rule of law? Other?
Which industries do you expect will see the most M&A activity in 2017?
What types of deals do you expect to see?
Discuss the level of M&A activity you have seen over 2016 and expect to see in 2017 of:
(i) pure domestic deals;
(ii) deals in your jurisdiction involving a domestic target and foreign acquirer from Latin America, or a foreign acquirer from outside Latin America; and
(iii) deals involving a domestic acquirer and foreign target in Latin America or a foreign target outside Latin America.
What is the level of private equity activity? Are domestic or international funds involved? What kinds of deals are they doing?
Is acquisition financing available for deals? For strategic buyers? For private equity buyers? From domestic or international sources? What amount of debt/ equity leverage are you seeing in private equity transactions? Where is financing coming from – domestic sources, international lenders? Governmental agencies? Banks or capital markets?
How open is your country to investments and acquisitions by foreign buyers? Is there a level playing field when foreign and domestic bidders compete to buy the same domestic target company?
Are corruption and compliance concerns affecting M&A activity? Are there industries where this is a particular issue?
How big a part of M&A activity is the restructuring of financially troubled companies? Have you seen more of this in 2016 as compared with 2015? What are the prospects for 2017?
Does your country’s bankruptcy law permit the reorganisation of the debtor as a going concern, and the acquisition of the entity out of bankruptcy? Are you seeing much activity in this area?
Has there been any increase in shareholder activism and hostile takeovers? Are international hedge funds active in your market? What defences are target companies permitted to adopt?
How well protected are minority shareholders in public companies? Recent developments -- more independent directors, special committees, independent advisers, fairness opinions?
Have directors, management and controlling shareholders changed how they conduct themselves in M&A deals? What kind of fiduciary duties do directors, management and controlling shareholders have under the laws of your jurisdiction? From your experience, are directors, management and controlling shareholders more diligent today in their review of M&A transactions and other matters?
Should directors, management and controlling shareholders be more concerned today about negative publicity, shareholder criticism, regulatory pressure and liability from potential litigation?
Are there major differences in how domestic and cross-border deals are being conducted? For instance, does the type of purchase agreement used in your jurisdiction differ significantly from the international style of agreement? If so, which type is being used more often?
Have there been changes in the process for how M&A transactions are conducted in your jurisdiction?
Do domestic buyers have a greater tolerance than multinational buyers for risk in transactions, such as (i) assuming risk of tax, labour, environmental and other contingencies; (ii) assuming risk of regulatory approvals; or (iii) bearing the risk of non-compliance/corruption issues at the target company? If so, does this give domestic buyers a competitive advantage over international buyers?
For international buyers and investors looking at deals in your jurisdiction, what are the three most important pieces of advice you have and what are the three most important pitfalls that should be avoided?
Have there been any significant regulatory developments affecting M&A – your country's securities exchange commission, antitrust regulators, tax authorities, Central Bank, other regulators that review deals etc?
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